19 Nov City Health Department reports health disparities among black population
By Addy Baird
11/18/2016 01:05 PM EDT
Black New York City residents born in the United States are more likely to smoke and drink and are more likely to report chronic health conditions like high blood pressure and obesity than black New Yorkers born outside of the United States, according to a new data brief released by the New York City Department of Health this week.
The report highlights health disparities among black city residents born in the United States, the Caribbean, Africa, and other places.
Adult blacks born in the U.S. were more likely than Caribbean-born blacks and black people born elsewhere to smoke, with a smoking rate of 22 percent versus six and nine percent, respectively. Black New Yorkers born in the U.S. were also more likely to smoke than white New Yorkers, who smoke at a rate of 17 percent, while all other groups were at least half as likely to be current smokers than whites.
All black groups were less likely to drink than whites, with 53 percent of U.S.-born blacks reporting that they are current drinkers, 44 percent of Caribbean born, and 34 of African born compared to 70 percent of white New Yorkers.
Black New Yorkers born in the U.S. were more likely to have high blood pressure and higher rates of asthma than other groups. Additionally, U.S., Caribbean and other black groups were more likely to be obese than white New Yorkers.
“These data are a reminder that communities of color are not monolithic,” said Health Commissioner Dr. Mary T. Bassett. “It is sobering that immigrants of African descent, on average, have better health and fewer risk factors than the native born. The City remains committed to reducing these troubling health inequities and ensuring that every New Yorker has the opportunity to live a longer and healthier life.”
The full data brief is available here: http://on.nyc.gov/2foBoxx